In agriculture there are three major components which are 1.Soil 2.Seed 3. Water /Rain out of these three components first we have to know about soil.
Soil:- Soil is live it is a habitat for countless soil organisms they are the work force under the soil. It is medium which decides nutrient availability to plants. It recycles of degradable material and store house for water supplies.
After the Green revolution to get higher yields Govt has introduced hybrid seed and chemical fertilizers. By knowingly are unknowingly farmers are applying more and more Nitrogen ,Phosphate and Potash (NPK) to their fields. Soil and environmental damage caused by the indiscriminate use of chemical fertilizers and pesticides under irrigated as well as rain fed agriculture is a common phenomenon. CCD initiated several measures to avoid this scenario. The organization started with popularizing Integrated pest management (IPM) and organic forming by conducting trainings on Farmer School on Field (FSOF) mode, as with all interventions CCD observed a big gap in preparing of organic fertilizers and bio agents. Farmer are saying it is good. But they are not ready to spend some time to prepare in home by this they again going to back to apply chemical fertilizers. It results High investment and low yielding, finally it leads farmers suicides. To protect soil fertility and decrease investments in crop cultivation the only one solution is organic fertilizers.
Organic fertilizers are Derived from naturally Occurring organic fertilizers include animal waste from meat processing, peat, manure, slurry, and Guano. Organic fertilizers main function is to provide nutrients under organic forms from organic materials By knowing all these things professor Mr. Thrilocharn sastry met Mr. Kulakarni (who has manufacturing organic fertilizers) and bring him to Gutturu. After BOD meeting CCD decide to establish a fertilizer unit at Guttur.
Before going to establish fertilizer unit, CCD has introduced application of Adya phosphate and Adya potash on a pilot basis among 17 farmers in the first season, 30 farmers in the second season in 18 villages. Observing the over whelming response from CCD and other farmers, CCD has taken up to construct organic fertilizer unit